New PDF release: A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the center a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or purely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual aid to basic readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are often present in glossy books of background of the interval; equally, the suitable that means of previous English and heart English phrases might elude cutting-edge reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the foundation and evolution of a note supplies a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this present day, an extra reduction to clarifying which means. CHRISTOPHER COREDON has additionally compiled the Dictionary of Cybernyms. Dr ANN WILLIAMS, historic advisor at the venture, was once until eventually her retirement Senior Lecturer in medieval heritage on the Polytechnic of North London.

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Cf. Arms, College of BMV. Abbr. of the Latin Beata Maria Virgo = Blessed Virgin Mary. Boclæden. e. the language of learning and scholarship. Bocland. e. the gift was recorded in a *charter or land-boc. Two placenames record this as Buckland: one in Lincolnshire, another, Buckland Monachorum (= belonging to the monks) in Devon. A royal grant by the book created a ius perpetuum = perpetual right. Such land could be bequeathed and inherited. For this reason, charters were extremely valuable, being the only evidence of such a grant.

The Latin term for a chest in which vessels for use in the mass were kept. The English version was *‘ambry’. It was also the place where books were kept. [L armarium = a chest, closet] – Cf. next Armarius. g. at meal time in the *frater. – Cf. previous; Scriptorium Armed. Her. Term used when the teeth or claws of an animal are shown in a *tincture different from the animal’s body. Armes courtoises. The general term for the arms employed in tournaments which had had their ‘killing edge’ removed: swords were blunted and the points of lances changed to minimise the danger of fatal injuries.

Cf. Amiens, Mise de; Marlborough, Statute of 32 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases Barrace. A barrier or palisade in front of a fortress; also the barriers around the lists where knights jousted; hence the place of such contests. [< OFr. barre = a bar] Barragium. Latin term for a toll paid for crossing a bridge or passing a barrier. – Cf. Pontage Barrator. One who sold and bought ecclesiastical preferment and offices; also a politician who took bribes. Later the word came to be applied to troublemakers in general.

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