A Dictionary of Neurological Signs - download pdf or read online

By A.J. Larner

The Dictionary of Neurological indicators should be virtually to boot defined by way of what the ebook isn't, in addition to information about what it's. The Dictionary isn't really a instruction manual for remedy of neuropathies. whereas many entries give you the most modern cures, up to the moment treatments are usually not mentioned in bedside point aspect. The Dictionary isn't really a board assessment publication since it isn't in Q&A structure yet may simply serve in that capability due to the fact that each one access is a reasonably whole photograph of a particular affliction or disorder. The Dictionary is an alphabetical directory of quite often featuring neurological ailments and issues designed to lead the healthcare professional towards the proper medical analysis. The content material is targeted, problem-based, concise and functional. The established entries during this sensible, medical source offer a thumbnail of quite a lot of neurological symptoms. every one access comprises: • definition of the signal • a short account of the scientific method required to elicit the signal • description of the opposite symptoms that can accompany the index signal • clarification of pathyophysiological and/or pharmacological history • differential analysis • short remedy information. the place recognized, the entries additionally contain neuroanatomical foundation of the signal. TheDictionary presents useful, concise solutions to advanced medical questions.

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References Benson DF, Ardila A. Aphasia: a clinical perspective. New York: OUP, 1996: 180-211 Binder JR, Mohr JP. The topography of callosal reading pathways: a case control analysis. Brain 1992; 115: 1807-1826 Coslett HB. Acquired dyslexia. ). Neurological foundations of cognitive neuroscience. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003: 109-127 Farah MJ. Visual agnosia: disorders of object recognition and what they tell us about normal vision. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995 Leff A. Alexia. Advances in Clinical Neuroscience & Rehabilitation 2004; 4(3): 18,20,22 Cross References Acalculia; Achromatopsia; Agnosia; Agraphia; Aphasia; Broca’s aphasia; Gerstmann syndrome; Hemianopia; Macula sparing, Macula splitting; Neglect; Prosopagnosia; Saccades; Simultanagnosia; Visual agnosia; Visual field defects; Wernicke’s aphasia Alexithymia Alexithymia is a reduced ability to identify and express ones feelings.

These features allow definition of various types of aphasia (see Table and specific entries). For example, motor (“expressive”) aphasias are characterized by nonfluent verbal output, with intact or largely unimpaired comprehension, whereas sensory (“receptive”) aphasias demonstrate fluent verbal output, often with paraphasias, sometimes jargon, - 32 - A Aphemia with impaired comprehension. Conduction aphasia is marked by relatively normal spontaneous speech (perhaps with some paraphasic errors) but a profound deficit of repetition.

29 - A Anserina Anosognosia with hemiplegia most commonly follows right hemisphere injury (parietal and temporal lobes) and may be associated with left hemineglect and left-sided hemianopia; it is also described with right thalamic and basal ganglia lesions. Many patients with posterior aphasia (Wernicke type) are unaware that their output is incomprehensible or jargon, possibly through a failure to monitor their own output. Cerebrovascular disease is the most common pathology associated with anosognosia, although it may also occur with neurodegenerative disease, for example the cognitive anosognosia in some patients with Alzheimer’s disease.

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