Download e-book for iPad: A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder by J. R. Partington

By J. R. Partington

For almost six hundred years, from the battles of the early fourteenth century to the losing of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima, firearms derived from gunpowder and different chemical substances outlined the frightful quantity of warfare. The equipment and fabrics utilized in global struggle i'd were normal to our distant ancestors. during this vintage paintings, first released in 1960, James Riddick Partington offers a world survey of the evolution of incendiary units, Greek fireplace, and gunpowder.Greek fireplace, a composition Partington believes used to be made up of a distilled petroleum fraction and different materials (but no longer saltpetre), was once so much famously utilized in the sieges of Constantinople and the Crusades. Partington strikes from its antecedents—other incendiaries utilized in old warfare—to eu gunpowder recipe books ( The Latin publication of fireside, Bellifortis, and Feuerwerkbuch) and the background of infernal machines, mines, canon, small fingers, and artillery. His publication contains chapters on gunpowder and guns in Muslim lands, India, and China—including hearth books, using gunpowder as a propellant, the artillery of the Mughal Emperors, and using saltpetre in explosives. He lines the improvement of gunpowder to eleventh-century China and cites the 1st recognized point out and imagine of a firearm in 1326. "The heritage of gunpowder and firearms has attracted many authors with various pursuits. the final historian needs to take account of significant innovations effecting revolutions within the lifetime of countries. The historian of technology is anxious more often than not with the discovery of gunpowder. The historian of expertise examines the advance within the manufacture of explosives and guns, and how within which gunpowder has came across purposes within the peaceable arts. the army historian offers commonly with using gunpowder as an explosive and a propellant... and the improvement of firearms and their use in battle. No fresh e-book in English (or for that topic in any language) has tried a concise survey of the subject."—from the Preface

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Extra resources for A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder

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Assoc. Rep. British Association for the Advancement of Science, Annual Report. Bull, des Mudes Arabes. Bulletin des fitudes Arabes. Bull, des Etudes Orientales. Bulletin des £tudes Orientales. Bull. Inst. Hist. Medicine. Bulletin of the Institute of the History of Medicine, Baltimore. Bull. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. GUL. Cambridge University Library. Chem. News. The Ghemical News. Chem. Ztg. Ghemiker-Zeitung. Gothen. Corpus Script. Hist. Byzant.

Science and Civilisation in China. Vol. 5: Chemistry and Chemical Technology, pt. 7. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Partington, J. R. 1960. A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder. Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons. Paszthory, Emmerich. 1986. Uber das 'Griechische Feuer': Die Analyse eines spatantiken Waffensystem. Antike Welt 17, no. 2: 27-36. Quatremere, E. M. 1850. Observation sur le feu gregois. fournal asiatique4^ ser. 15: 214-74. Reinaud, Joseph Toussaint and Ildefonce Fave. 1849. Du feu gregois, des feux de guerre, et les origines del la poudre a canon chez les Arabes, les Persans, et les Chinois.

Tacitus^® speaks of fire-lances (ardentes hastae) thrown by machines (adactse • tormentis) Ammianus Marcellinus {c. D, 390)^^ describes fire-arrows (malleoli), not extinguished by water but made to flame more, and put out only by sand, and says they must be shot slowly, otherwise they are extinguished: Malleoli autem, teli genus, figurantur hac specie. Sagitta est cannea inter spiculum et arundinem multifido ferro coagmentata, quae in muliebris coli formam, quo nentur lintea stamina, concavatur ventre subtiliter et plurifariam patens atque in alveo ipso ignem cum aliquo suscipit alimento.

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