Abstraction and Aging: A Social Psychological Analysis - download pdf or read online

By Jason S. Lee

Abstraction is one part of highbrow functioning. The research of abstraction permits tremendous worthy insights into human intelligence. whereas this monograph exhibits that the power to imagine abstractly declines somewhat with age, there are various variables picking summary pondering and its relation to intelligence over the life-span. This monograph defines abstraction from all angles of concept, contrasting it with high-order considering and stereotyped pondering; it discusses and evaluates assessments of summary considering; and it offers new findings in sociological and mental study on abstraction.

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Sample text

IClearly, relational abstraction is involved in the realization that two breakers of radically different shape nevertheless hold the same volume of fluid . 2. Abstraction and Cognitive Growth in Childhood 29 In the Piagetian scheme of cognitive development, relational abstraction is a relatively early appearing concrete operation that also combines with other components of cognitive functioning to produce more advanced modes of thought (such as reasoning by analogy) in the period of formal operations.

Abstraction and Cognitive Growth in Childhood 29 In the Piagetian scheme of cognitive development, relational abstraction is a relatively early appearing concrete operation that also combines with other components of cognitive functioning to produce more advanced modes of thought (such as reasoning by analogy) in the period of formal operations. But abstraction remains a basic means of operating on intellectual content at all levels of complexity. As we saw earlier, because abstraction is defined as classification on the basis of similarities and differences, we can infer that it is used to draw generalizations and to form new concepts in relation to old ones.

The Aging Twins Study In 1947 the New York State Psychiatric Institute collected psychometric data for the first wave of its Study of Aging Twins. Initially, 134 pairs of twins (white residents from the state of New York aged 60 years or older) were given a battery of tests designed to measure intellectual functioning. The battery consisted primarily of five subtests from the Wechsler-Bellevue scale: Similarities, Digits Forward and Backward, Digit Symbol Substitution, and Block Design. Surviving twin pairs were retested in 1955, 1957, 1967 (when the average age was about 85), and for the last time in 1973.

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