By John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain, Ronald J. Deibert
Many nations all over the world block or filter out web content material, denying entry to information--often approximately politics, but in addition in terms of sexuality, tradition, or religion--that they deem too delicate for traditional voters. entry Denied files and analyzes web filtering practices in over 3 dozen international locations, delivering the 1st conscientiously carried out research of this accelerating trend.
Internet filtering happens in no less than 40 states around the world together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. comparable net content material keep an eye on mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the U.S. and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of world web filtering undertaken via the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman middle for web and Society at Harvard legislations institution, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford college, and the college of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings by way of local specialists and an in depth community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, criminal, social, and cultural contexts of net filtering in those states from various views. Chapters speak about the mechanisms and politics of net filtering, the strengths and barriers of the expertise that powers it, the relevance of overseas legislations, moral issues for firms that offer states with the instruments for blocking off and filtering, and the consequences of web filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on net applied sciences for speaking their missions.
Reports on web content material legislation in 40 diversified nations persist with, with each one state profile outlining the kinds of content material blocked by way of class and documenting key findings.
* bankruptcy 1: Measuring worldwide net Filtering
* bankruptcy 2: net Filtering: The Politics and Mechanisms of Control
* bankruptcy three: instruments and know-how of web Filtering
* bankruptcy four: Filtering and the overseas approach: a question of Commitment
* bankruptcy five: Reluctant Gatekeepers: company Ethics on a Filtered Internet
* bankruptcy 6: sturdy for Liberty, undesirable for safety? international Civil Society and the Securitization of the web
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Extra info for Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering
The blockpage also contains information on how to request that a block be lifted. Saudi Arabia blocks access to specific long URLs. shtml is blocked. United Arab Emirates, Oman, Sudan, and Tunisia also use SmartFilter. Tunisia uses SmartFilter as a proxy to filter the Internet. But instead of showing users a blockpage indicating that the site has been blocked, they have created a blockpage that looks like the Internet Explorer browser’s default error page (in French), presumably to disguise the fact that they are blocking Web sites.
The issue that the Saudi state faces, of desiring to keep its citizens from accessing subversive content online, is an issue that more and more states are coming to grips with as the Internet expands. The network now joins more than one billion people around the world. At the same time, new issues are arising that are prompting states to establish Internet filtering mechanisms. The read-write Web, exemplified by Wikipedia and the phenomena of blogging, YouTube, podcasting, and so forth, adds a crucial dimension—and additional complexity—as states now grapple with the ease with which their own citizens are becoming publishers with local, national, and international audiences.
Most 36 Jonathan Zittrain and John Palfrey states use a combination of media, telecommunications, national security, and Internetspecific laws and regulatory schemes to restrict the publication of and access to information on the Internet. Most states that filter require Internet service providers to obtain licenses ´s and before providing Internet access to citizens. Some states place pressure on cybercafe ISPs to monitor Internet usage by their customers. With the exception of a few places, no state seems to communicate much at all with the public about its process for blocking and unblocking content on the Internet.