By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair
Often called the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial vegetation of the tropics, are an important and most generally wanted spice vegetation of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a drugs. This e-book offers a complete evaluate of those extremely important spice plants, covering beginning, heritage, geographical distribution, creation, economic climate and their makes use of. Discusses the 2 significant spices of serious fiscal price to the constructing international. the writer is an eminent scientist who has received various awards for his paintings during this area. Read more...
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Additional resources for Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom
The procedures used in the case of prerooted cuttings, except that they have a better ability to withstand heat exposure from sunshine, are the same as described earlier. Such planting materials are selected from the nursery, and care should be taken that only well-rooted and well-grown cuttings in PVC bags are transplanted in the main field. Unlike in India, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines, in Indonesia the types of standards used are both living and nonliving. In the former category, we have Glyricidia, Dadap, and Kapok, while in the latter category, we have hard timber poles (made of iron or wood) or concrete poles.
Robusta (Silky Oak), G. pinnata, and Ailanthus spp. In homestead plantations, coconut and arecanut trees act as the main crop in addition to being the standards. In the southern state of Karnataka, pepper is grown along with coffee, where coffee is the main crop and the forest trees act as the standards. Glyricidia is the most common standard in Sri Lanka and Malaysia. Pepper planting should precede the onset of monsoon. Two or three 3-noded rooted cuttings, prepared as explained earlier, are planted in shallow pits on the northern side of the standard.
1 Production technology for Trichoderma (biological control of “quick wilt” caused by Phytophthora fungus). 25 l per vine every fortnight. It takes 3–4 months for the vine to reach the top of the pole, and when it does, the terminal bud is nipped off and the stem is crushed about three nodes above the base to activate the axillary buds; after about 10 days, each vine is cut at the crushed point and this is ready for transplanting into PVC bags, filled with the rooting mixture as detailed earlier.