By John David Hamilton
This pathbreaking publication bargains a few nononsense truths approximately northern improvement.
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Extra info for Arctic Revolution
In that summer of 1900, Bell and Camsell paddled into the rivers and lakes southeast of Great Bear Lake and found cobalt, silver, and, near Great Slave Lake, traces of gold. * Bell's geological report was published in a mining journal, but no one *Camsell has left us a record of the trip in his autobiography, and it provides us with insight into standard white attitudes toward aboriginals at that time. At one location, Camsell wrote, he and Bell left the trees east of Great Bear Lake and journeyed out into the treeless tundra.
The Germans were assigned a station on Baffin Island, and it is significant that the first serious anthropological work in the Arctic was done by the German-born Franz Boas among the Netsilik Inuit in North Baffin during 1882-84. The United States had two stations: at Point Barrow, Alaska, and another under Lieutenant Adolphus Greely in northern Ellesmere Island. His work prepared the way for the North Pole expeditions of Americans Captain Robert Peary and Dr. Fred Cook. Simultaneously, the Norwegian explorers Otto Sverdrup, Fridtjof Nansen, and Roald Sovereignty and Defence 39 Amundsen were making important discoveries in the waters west of Ellesmere.
Bernier was ship's captain. Squadron Leader Robert A. Logan of the RCAF was to study flying conditions and recommend suitable aircraft for the Arctic. Throughout the 1920s, Ottawa probed the North with repeated expeditions into Hudson Bay and some voyages farther north. Ellesmere and North Baffin were secured by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police posts (their name had been changed in 1920), which guarded against future molestation of the Netsilikuit by marauding foreign anthropologists. The HBC got into the spirit of the times when it moved its Coats Island post to Southampton Island in the northwestern corner of Hudson Bay.