Read e-book online Breadlines knee-deep in wheat : food assistance in the Great PDF

By Janet Poppendieck

At no time through the nice melancholy was once the contradiction among agriculture surplus and frequent starvation extra wrenchingly image than within the government's try and elevate red meat costs in the course of the mass slaughter of miliions of "unripe" little pigs. This contradiction was once commonly perceived as a "paradox." in truth, as Janet Poppendieck makes transparent during this newly increased and up to date quantity, it used to be a typical, predictable operating of an financial system rendered severe by means of the melancholy. The suggestion of paradox, even though, captured the mind's eye of the general public and coverage makers, and it used to be to this definition of the matter that surplus commodities distribution courses within the Hoover and Roosevelt administrations have been addressed.

This publication explains in readable narrative how the hot Deal nutrients information attempt, initially conceived as a aid degree for terrible humans, grew to become a application designed to elevate the earning of industrial farmers. In a broader experience, the ebook explains how the recent Deal years have been formative for nutrients tips in next administrations; it additionally examines the performance--or loss of performance--of next in-kind aid programs.

starting with a short survey of the background of the yankee farmer sooner than the melancholy and the influence of the melancholy on farmers, the writer describes the advance of Hoover counsel courses and the occasions on the finish of that management that formed the "historical second" seized through the early New Deal. Poppendieck is going directly to study the foodstuff tips rules and courses of the Roosevelt years, the actual sequence of occasions that culminated within the determination to buy surplus agriculture items and distribute them to the negative, the institutionalization of this process, the resutls completed, and the curiosity teams shaped. The booklet additionally seems on the takeover of nutrients counsel via the U.S. division of Agriculture and its sluggish variation to be used as a device within the upkeep of farm source of revenue. Utliizing a large choice of reputable and unofficial resources, the writer finds with strange readability the evolution from a coverage without delay aware of the terrible to a coverage serving typically democratic needs.

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Extra resources for Breadlines knee-deep in wheat : food assistance in the Great Depression

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31 Some cities made no pretense of supplying a reasonable budget. Baltimore gave its needy families an average of eighty cents worth of commodities each week, and Atlanta provided sixty cents per week for white recipients and less for blacks. Dallas excluded both blacks and Mexicans from relief. Some cities ran out of funds; Cincinnati paid each family the weekly grant every other week in hopes that some other means of support might be found during an off week. 32 What did people do in such circumstances?

For many families, Bakke found, giving up milk was the most difficult adjustment. " 14 Eventually, millions of families swallowed their pride and applied for aid from local governments or voluntary (private) social agencies. And as they did so in increasing numbers, the inadequacy of pre-Depression relief arrangements became steadily more obvious. Depression 21 The English Poor Law tradition of local responsibility for relief of destitution with heavy reliance on private charity had taken firm root in American soil.

We'd go through the park when we walked to school. . The men there waited for us to go through and hand them our lunches. . These were guys who didn't have work. . They weren't bums. " 37 Some of these hard luck guys probably turned around and took the lunches home to wives and children. "Father sleeping at Municipal Lodging House because he could get more to eat there than at home and frequently brought food home from there in pockets for children and wife," reads the report of an investigator for the Welfare Council of New York City who followed up on a neighbor's report that a woman and five children were starving in Brownsville.

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